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Characterization and control of a strongly-coupled atom-cavity system

Citation

Miller, Russell Lowell (2009) Characterization and control of a strongly-coupled atom-cavity system. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05152009-142724

Abstract

In recent years, remarkable advances in the science of laser cooling and trapping of atomic samples have lead to breakthroughs in quantum optics and, in particular, in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). The ability to optically trap an atom within the mode of a ultra-high finesse cavity of small mode volume for experimentally significant periods of time now allows for the continuous observation of fundamental quantum optical effects. This dissertation will focus on experiments conducted to fully characterize and exert quantum control over a strongly-coupled atom-cavity system consisting of single cesium atoms isolated by a dipole trapping in the mode of a Fabry-Perot optical resonator. In particular, we describe techniques developed and implemented for exerting coherent control over the internal and quantum motional state of these atoms using stimulated Raman processes. We also focus on the applications of this system to quantum networking and quantum information science, particularly within the context of coherently transferring quantum states from atom to quantum optical fields and back. Finally, we describe a series of measurements carried out to explore the characteristic dynamics of the Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian which governs the system. This includes spectroscopic measurement of the signature vacuum Rabi splitting for strongly-coupled cavity QED as well as evidence in the time domain for coherent Rabi nutation of excitation between atom and field on resonance.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:atomic physics; cavity quantum electrodynamics; cesium; quantum optics; single photons
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Kimble, H. Jeff
Thesis Committee:
  • Kimble, H. Jeff (chair)
  • Refael, Gil
  • Vahala, Kerry J.
  • Painter, Oskar J.
Defense Date:4 May 2009
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05152009-142724
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05152009-142724
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1828
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 May 2009
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:42

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