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Numerical simulations of three-dimensional instabilities in cavity flows

Citation

Bres, Guillaume Alain (2007) Numerical simulations of three-dimensional instabilities in cavity flows. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04262007-095945

Abstract

Direct numerical simulations are performed to investigate the stability of compressible flow over three-dimensional open cavities for future control applications. First, the typical self-sustained oscillations, commonly referred as shear-layer (Rossiter) modes, are characterized for two-dimensional cavities over a range of flow conditions. A linear stability analysis is then conducted to search for three-dimensional global instabilities of the 2D mean flow for cavities that are homogeneous in the spanwise direction. The presence of such instabilities is reported for a range of cavity configurations. For cavities of aspect ratio (length to depth) of 2 and 4, the three-dimensional mode has a spanwise wavelength of approximately 1 cavity depth and oscillates with a frequency about an order-of-magnitude lower than two-dimensional Rossiter (flow/acoustics) instabilities. A steady mode of smaller spanwise wavelength is also identified for square cavities. The linear results indicate that the instability is hydrodynamic (rather than acoustic) in nature and arises from a generic centrifugal instability mechanism associated with the mean recirculating vortical flow in the downstream part of the cavity. These three-dimensional instabilities are related to centrifugal instabilities reported in flows over backward-facing steps, lid-driven cavity flows, and Couette flows. Results from three-dimensional simulations of the nonlinear compressible Navier-Stokes equations are also reported. The formation of oscillating (and, in some cases, steady) spanwise structures is observed inside the cavity. The spanwise wavelength and oscillation frequency of these structures agree with the linear analysis predictions. When present, the shear-layer (Rossiter) oscillations experience a low-frequency modulation that arises from nonlinear interactions with the three-dimensional mode. These results are consistent with observations of low-frequency modulations and spanwise structures in previous experimental and numerical studies on open cavity flows.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:acoustics; cavity; centrifugal; flow; instabilities; numerical simulations; Rossiter mode; three-dimensional
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Colonius, Timothy E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Brennen, Christopher E. (chair)
  • Leonard, Anthony
  • Shepherd, Joseph E.
  • Colonius, Timothy E.
Defense Date:13 April 2007
Author Email:guillaume (AT) caltech.edu
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04262007-095945
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04262007-095945
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1515
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:27 Apr 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:38

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