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Active control of the flow past a cylinder executing rotary motions

Citation

Tokumaru, Phillip Takeo (1991) Active control of the flow past a cylinder executing rotary motions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04132004-141454

Abstract

NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. Exploratory experiments have been performed on circular cylinders executing forced rotary motions in a steady uniform flow. These motions include harmonic oscillations, steady rotation, and combinations of the two. Flow visualization and laser-Doppler velocimetry measurements were used to characterize the wake structure, and to estimate the convection speed, spacing, and strength of the vortical structures. Laser-Doppler velocimetry measurements were also made to estimate the cylinder drag coefficient and wake displacement thickness. In addition, the periodic flow close the cylinder and in the near wake region was mapped for a particular forced case. The data show that a considerable amount of control can be exerted over the flow by such means. In particular, a large increase, or decrease, in the resulting displacement thickness, estimated cylinder drag, and associated mixing with the free stream can be achieved, depending on the frequency and amplitude of oscillation. In order to assess the effects of oscillatory forcing on a cylinder with a net (mean) rotation rate, a novel method for estimating the steady lift forces was employed. Using this method, it was also found that the addition of forced rotary oscillations to the steady rotation of the cylinder helped to increase [...] in the cases where the wake would normally be separated in the steadily rotating case, and decrease it otherwise. Results obtained for a steadily rotating cylinder (no forced oscillations) compare favorably with similar data published in the literature.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Dimotakis, Paul E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Dimotakis, Paul E. (chair)
  • Coles, Donald Earl
  • Hornung, Hans G.
  • Knowles, James K.
  • Roshko, Anatol
Defense Date:31 May 1991
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific ResearchF49620-86-C-0134
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04132004-141454
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04132004-141454
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1368
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:13 Apr 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:37

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