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The existence and stability of periodic motions in forced non-linear oscillations

Citation

Caughey, Thomas Kirk (1954) The existence and stability of periodic motions in forced non-linear oscillations. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04072003-115022

Abstract

A general first order theory is presented for treating forced oscillations in multiple degree of freedom quasi-linear systems. It is shown that under suitable conditions ultraharmonic or subharmonic motion may exist in addition to the harmonic motion which a linearized theory would predict. A general study of the stability of such motions reveals that a sufficient condition for the instability, and consequent jump phenomena, of forced oscillations, is that the amplitude frequency response curves possess a vertical tangent. By considering some fairly general two degree of freedom systems it has been shown that a necessary and sufficient condition for stable forced oscillations in non-linear passive systems is that the amplitude lie outside the region enclosed by the loci of vertical tangency. For systems containing an energy source there is, in addition, a restriction on the magnitude of the non-linear damping force.

The general theory has also been applied to ultraharmonic and subharmonic motion in a one degree of freedom system having a cubic non-linearity in the restoring force. It has been shown here also, that a necessary and sufficient condition for stability is that the amplitude of forced oscillation lie outside the region enclosed by the loci of vertical tangency.

A study of the dependence of the motion on the initial conditions reveals that, while ultraharmonic and harmonic motions are relatively insensitive to the initial conditions, the existence of subharmonic motion can be achieved only for a rather restrictive set of initial conditions.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Engineering and Applied Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Hudson, Donald E. (advisor)
  • DePrima, Charles R. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1954
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04072003-115022
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04072003-115022
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1283
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:07 Apr 2003
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:36

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