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3d-3d Correspondence for Seifert Manifolds


Pei, Du (2016) 3d-3d Correspondence for Seifert Manifolds. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z9X34VF9.


In this dissertation, we investigate the 3d-3d correspondence for Seifert manifolds. This correspondence, originating from string theory and M-theory, relates the dynamics of three-dimensional quantum field theories with the geometry of three-manifolds.

We first start in Chapter II with the simplest cases and demonstrate the extremely rich interplay between geometry and physics even when the manifold is just a direct product. In this particular case, by examining the problem from various vantage points, we generalize the celebrated relations between 1) the Verlinde algebra, 2) quantum cohomology of the Grassmannian, 3) quantization of Chern-Simons theory and 4) the index theory of the moduli space of flat connections to a completely new set of relations between 1) the "equivariant Verlinde algebra" for a complex group, 2) the equivariant quantum K-theory of the vortex moduli space, 3) quantization of complex Chern-Simons theory and 4) the equivariant index theory of the moduli space of Higgs bundles.

In Chapter III we move one step up in complexity by looking at the next simplest three-manifolds---lens spaces. We test the 3d-3d correspondence for theories that are labeled by lens spaces, reaching a full agreement between the index of the 3d N=2 "lens space theory" and the partition function of complex Chern-Simons theory on the lens space.

The two different types of manifolds studied in the previous two chapters also have interesting interactions. We show in Chapter IV the equivalence between two seemingly distinct 2d TQFTs: one comes from the "Coulomb branch index" of the class S theory on a lens space, the other is the "equivariant Verlinde formula". We check this relation explicitly for SU(2) and demonstrate that the SU(N) equivariant Verlinde algebra can be derived using field theory via (generalized) Argyres-Seiberg dualities.

In the last chapter, we directly jump to the most general situation, giving a proposal for the 3d-3d correspondence for an arbitrary Seifert manifold. We remark on the huge class of novel dualities relating different descriptions of the "Seifert theory" associated with the same Seifert manifold and suggest ways that our proposal could be tested.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:3d-3d correspondence; Seifert manifold; Chern-Simons theory; Verlinde formula; Higgs bundles; Hitchin moduli space; geometric quantization; vortex moduli space; string theory; superconformal index
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Gukov, Sergei
Group:Caltech Theory
Thesis Committee:
  • Gukov, Sergei (chair)
  • Kapustin, Anton N.
  • Schwarz, John H.
  • Ni, Yi
Defense Date:26 May 2016
Non-Caltech Author Email:du.d.pei (AT)
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05282016-191214961
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription adapted for Chapter 2 adapted for Chapter 3 adapted for Chapter 4
Pei, Du0000-0001-5587-6905
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:9813
Deposited By: Du Pei
Deposited On:06 Jun 2016 20:24
Last Modified:05 Jul 2022 19:11

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