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A study of T = 2 states in ^(12)B, ^(12)C, ^(20)F and ^(28)Al

Citation

Nettles, Patrick Henly Jr. (1971) A study of T = 2 states in ^(12)B, ^(12)C, ^(20)F and ^(28)Al. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:09222015-134005716

Abstract

The lowest T = 2 states have been identified and studied in the nuclei 12C, 12B, 20F and and 28Al. The first two of these were produced in the reactions 14C(p,t)12C and 14C (p,3He)12B, at 50.5 and 63.4 MeV incident proton energy respectively, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The T = 2 states in 20F and 28Al were observed in (3He,p) reactions at 12-MeV incident energy, with the Caltech Tandem accelerator.

The results for the four nuclei studied are summarized below:

(1) 12C: the lowest T = 2 state was located at an excitation energy of 27595 ± 20 keV, and has a width less than 35 keV.

(2) 12B: the lowest T = 2 state was found at an excitation energy of 12710 ± 20 keV. The width was determined to be less than 54 keV and the spin and parity were confirmed to be 0+. A second 12B state (or doublet) was observed at an excitation energy of 14860 ± 30 keV with a width (if the group corresponds to a single state) of 226 ± 30 keV.

(3) 20F: the lowest T = 2 state was observed at an excitation of 6513 ± 5 keV; the spin and parity were confirmed to be 0+. A second state, tentatively identified as T = 2 from the level spacing, was located at 8210 ± 6 keV.

(4) 28Al: the lowest T = 2 state was identified at an excitation of 5997 ± 6 keV; the spin and parity were confirmed to be 0+. A second state at an excitation energy of 7491 ± 11 keV is tentatively identified as T = 2, with a corresponding (tentative) spin and parity assignment Jπ = 2+.

The results of the present work and the other known masses of T = 2 states and nuclei for 8 ≤ A ≤ 28 are summarized, and massequation coefficients have been extracted for these multiplets. These coefficients were compared with those from T = 1 multiplets, and then used to predict the mass and stability of each of the unobserved members of the T = 2 multiplets.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Barnes, Charles A.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:9 October 1970
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Defense Education ActUNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval ResearchUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:09222015-134005716
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:09222015-134005716
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:9167
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:22 Sep 2015 21:55
Last Modified:22 Sep 2015 21:55

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