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Studies of the Representation of Interatomic Distances in Molecules and Crystal as Sum of Atomic Radii


Donohue, Jerry (1947) Studies of the Representation of Interatomic Distances in Molecules and Crystal as Sum of Atomic Radii. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/3NAA-ZA17.


The electron diffraction investigation of the following compounds has been carried out: sulfur, sulfur nitride, realgar, arsenic trisulfide, spiropentane, dimethyltrisulfide, cis and trans lewisite, methylal, and ethylene glycol.

The crystal structures of the following salts have been determined by x-ray diffraction: silver molybdateand hydrazinium dichloride.

Suggested revisions of the covalent radii for B, Si, P, Ge, As, Sn, Sb, and Pb have been made, and values for the covalent radii of Al, Ga, In, Ti, and Bi have been proposed.

The Schomaker-Stevenson revision of the additivity rule for single covalent bond distances has been used in conjunction with the revised radii. Agreement with experiment is in general better with the revised radii than with the former radii and additivity.

The principle of ionic bond character in addition to that present in a normal covalent bond has been applied to the observed structures of numerous molecules. It leads to a method of interpretation which is at least as consistent as the theory of multiple bond formation.

The revision of the additivity rule has been extended to double bonds. An encouraging beginning along these lines has been made, but additional experimental data are needed for clarification.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry and Mathematics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Minor Option:Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Schomaker, Verner F.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1947
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:06112015-134546938
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:9015
Deposited On:11 Jun 2015 21:16
Last Modified:17 Mar 2023 18:23

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