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The Relative Abundances of Sn, Te, Xe, Ba, and Ce in the Cosmic Radiation


Krombel, Keith E. (1983) The Relative Abundances of Sn, Te, Xe, Ba, and Ce in the Cosmic Radiation. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/h4fg-6z05.


Elements with even atomic number (Z) in the interval 50 ≤ Z ≤ 58 have been resolved in the cosmic radiation using the Heavy Nuclei Experiment on the HEAO-3 satellite. Their relative abundances have been compared with the results expected from pure r-process material, pure s-process material, and solar system material, both with and without a modification due to possible first ionization potential effects. Such effects may be the result of the preferential acceleration, and hence enhancement in the cosmic rays, or those elements having low first ionization potentials. We find that our measurements are inconsistent with pure r-process material at the greater than 98% confidence level whether or not the first ionization potential adjustments are made.

In addition, we have compared our results with mixtures having varying ratios of pure r-process material to pure s-process material. We find that, if no first ionization potential effects are included,

(r/s)CRS/(r/s)SS = 0.20+0.18-0.14

where CRS refers to the cosmic ray source and SS refers to the solar system, consistent with having an almost pure s-process source. If the first ionization potential adjustments are applied

(r/s)CRS/(r/s)SS = 1.5+1.1-0.7

consistent with a solar system mixture.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Stone, Edward C.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Thesis Committee:
  • Stone, Edward C. (chair)
  • Barnes, Charles A.
  • Burnett, Donald S.
  • Blandford, Roger D.
Defense Date:24 May 1983
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANGR 05-002-160
NASANGR 24-005-050
NASANGR 26-008-001
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10092014-110007312
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8685
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:09 Oct 2014 19:48
Last Modified:09 Nov 2022 19:20

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