A Caltech Library Service

A study of ion beam sputtering of compound materials with laser spectroscopy


Nikzad, Shouleh (1990) A study of ion beam sputtering of compound materials with laser spectroscopy. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/kgvz-n067.


Single crystal metal sulfides of ZnS, CdS, and FeS[2] were bombarded with a 3 keV Ar[+] beam. The secondary neutrals sputtered from the suface of the target were interrogated by laser ionization mass spectrometry and laser fluorescence spectroscopy.

The velocity distribution and yield of sputtered Fe from a FeS[2] sample were measured. The velocity distribution of Fe sputtered from the sulfide is qualitatively the same as that of Fe sputtered from the pure metal. The yield of Fe from the sulfide target, after prolonged bombardment, was at most 20% of the yield from the metal. The results are compared with Monte Carlo calculations using the TRIM (transfer of ion in matter) code. Total sputtering yields of ZnS, CdS, and FeS[2] were measured by profilometry and were compared with the same measurements of sputtered metal targets.

We have demonstrated the necessity of measuring sputtered molecules and excited state neutrals for accurate yield evaluation. The population distribution of ground state multiplets of sputtered Fe from FeS[2] is compared with that measured from an Fe target. The excited state population of sputtered Fe is slightly higher in the FeS[2] target (~10%). Molecular yields have also been measured by laser ionization mass spectrometry from ZnS, CdS, and FeS[2]. S is sputtered predominantly as S[2] from all three crystals. Metals are sputtered as the atom, metal sulfide, and metal dimer (except in the case of Fe[2]). The yield of the metal sulfidemolecules is about 10% of the yield of the metal. Plausible formation mechanisms of molecules and excited state neutrals are discussed

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Tombrello, Thomas A.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:22 May 1990
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-03022007-090722
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:841
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:20 Mar 2007
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 22:33

Thesis Files

PDF (Nikzad_s_1990.pdf) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.


Repository Staff Only: item control page