A Caltech Library Service

High Temperature Deformation of Vitreloy Bulk Metallic Glasses and Their Composite


Tao, Min (2006) High Temperature Deformation of Vitreloy Bulk Metallic Glasses and Their Composite. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/27SN-R187.


A complete understanding of the deformation mechanisms of BMGs and their composites requires investigation of the microstructural changes and their interplay with the mechanical behavior. In this dissertation, the deformation mechanisms of a series of Vitreloy glasses and their composites are experimentally investigated over a wide range of strain rates and temperatures, with focus on the supercooled liquid regime, by combining uniaxial mechanical testing with calorimetric and microscopic examinations. Various theories of deformation of metallic glasses and the composites are examined in light of the experimental data.

A comparative structural relaxation study was performed on two closely related Vitreloy alloys, Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10Be22.5 (Vit 1) and Zr46.7Ti8.3Cu7.5Ni10Be27.5 (Vit 4). Differential scanning calorimetric studies on the specimens deformed in compression at constant-strain-rate in supercooled liquid regime showed that mechanical loading accelerated the spinodal phase separation and nanocrystallization process in Vit 1, while the relaxation in Vit 4 featured local chemical composition fluctuation accompanied by annealing out of free volume. The effect of the structural relaxation on their mechanical behavior was further studied via single and multiple jump-in-strain-rate tests.

The deformation and viscosity of a new Vitreloy alloy were characterized using uniaxial compression tests in its supercooled liquid regime. A new theoretical model named Cooperative Shear Model, which correlates the evolution of the macroscopic mechanical/thermal variables such as shear modulus and viscosity with the configurational energies of atom clusters in an amorphous alloy, was critically examined in this investigation. The model was successful in predicting the Newtonian and non-Newtonian viscosities of the material, as well as the shear moduli of the deformed specimens, in a self-consistent manner.

The plastic flow of an in-situ metallic glass composite, beta-Vitreloy, was investigated under uniaxial compression in its supercooled liquid regime and at various strain rates. The composite, with ~0.25 volume fraction of crystalline beta-phase dendrites exhibited superplastic behavior similar to that of amorphous Vit 1. Significant strain hardening was observed when the material was deformed at high temperatures and low strain rates. A dual-phase composite model was employed in finite element simulations to understand the effect of the composite microstructure on its mechanical behavior.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:crystallization; free volume; hardening; metallic glass composite; structural relaxation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Mechanics
Minor Option:Materials Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
Thesis Committee:
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (chair)
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
  • Johnson, William Lewis
  • Knauss, Wolfgang Gustav
  • Huang, Yonggang
Defense Date:13 February 2006
Non-Caltech Author Email:mint (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-03022006-005723
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:834
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:03 Mar 2006
Last Modified:18 Dec 2020 18:53

Thesis Files

PDF (Full thesis) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF (Preliminary pages) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.


Repository Staff Only: item control page