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Studies on Hymenopteran Parasitism of Drosophila

Citation

Boche, Robert DeVore (1938) Studies on Hymenopteran Parasitism of Drosophila. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/M75F-ND48. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04072014-112057299

Abstract

Studies on Hymenopteran Parasitism of Drosophila

Flies of the genus Drosophila are subject to attack by a number of parasitic forms. Sturtevant (1921) has listed records of parasitism by protozoa (Leptomonas), fungi (Muiaria and Stigmatomyces), nematodes, mites and v~rious hymenoptera. According to Sturtevant, Perkins (1913) has bred at least five species of hymenoptera, belonging to the proctotrupoid, cynipoid and chalcidoid groups, upon Drosophiline flies. H.S. Smith has bred an unidentified proctotrupoid and a chalcidoid, Pachy crepoideus dubius Ashmead* from both Drosophila melanogaster ani D. hydei. Kieffer ( 1913) has described three species of hymenoptera from Africa collected by Silvestri and stated by him to be parasitic on Drosophila, species not given. They are Trichopria (Planopria) rhopalica (Diapriidae), Ashmeadopria drosophilae (Diapriidae), and the insect which forms the subject matter of the present investigation, Eucoila drosophilae (Figitidae).

There are in addition a number of predacious enemies among wasps, spiders, flies and beetles.

The present account is concerned with parasitism of various species of Drosophila by Eucoila drosophilae Kieff. The wasps were found b y Dr. w. P. Spencer who exposed traps in an effort to collect Drosophila at Long Lake, Ohio, in Sept. 1934 . Drosophila larvae from the trap gave a large number of pupae from which wasps emerged in considerable proportions. Since that time stock s have been maintained in culture on Drosophila melanogaster.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Biology
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Biology
Major Option:Biology
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1938
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:04072014-112057299
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04072014-112057299
DOI:10.7907/M75F-ND48
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8180
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: John Wade
Deposited On:08 Apr 2014 18:00
Last Modified:04 Oct 2019 00:04

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