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Synthetic and Structural Studies of Permethylscandocene and Permethyltantalocene Derivatives


St. Clair, Martin A. (1989) Synthetic and Structural Studies of Permethylscandocene and Permethyltantalocene Derivatives. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/192V-TK10.


Cp*_2Sc-H reacts with H_2 and CO at -78°C to yield Cp*_2ScOCH_3. A stepwise reduction of CO to an alkoxide is observed when CO reacts with Cp*_2ScC_6H_4CH_3-p to give the η^2-acyl Cp*_2Sc(CO)C_6H_4CH_3-p, which then reacts with H_2 to produce Cp*_2ScOCH_2C_6H_4CH_3-p. Cp*_2ScCH_3 and Cp*_2ScH(THF) react with CO to give unchar- uncharacterizable products. Cp*_2ScH and Cp*_2ScCH_3 react with Cp_2MCO (M = Mo, W) to give scandoxycarbenes, Cp_2M=C(CH_3)OScCp*_2, while a wide variety of Cp*_2ScX (X = H, CH_3, N(CH_3)_2, CH_2CH_2C_6H_5) reacts with CpM(CO)_2 (M = Co, Rh) to yield similar carbene complexes. An x-ray crystal structure determination of Cp(CO)Co=C(CH_3)- OScCp*_2 revealed a µ^2: η^1, η^1 carbonyl interaction between the Co-CO and Sc.

CO_2 inserts cleanly into Sc-phenyl bonds at -78°C to produce a carboxylate complex, Cp*_2Sc(O_2C)C_6H_4CH_3-p. The structure of this compound was determined by x-ray crystallographic techniques.

Excess C_2H_2 reacts with Cp*_2ScR (R = H, alkyl, aryl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amide) at temperatures below -78°C to form the alkynyl species Cp*_2Sc-C≡C-H, which then reacts with the remaining acetylene to form polyacetylene. Cp*_2Sc-C≡C-H further reacts to yield Cp*_2sc-C≡C-ScCp*_2. This unusual C_2 bridged dimer was characterized by x-ray crystallography.

Attempts were made to model the C-N bond breaking step of hydrodenitrogenation by synthesizing Cp*_2TaH(η^2-H_2C=N(C_6H_4X)) and studying its rearrangement to Cp*_2Ta(=N(C_6H_4X))(CH_3). The 1,2 addition/elimination reactions of Cp*_2Ta(η^2- H_2C=N(CH_3)H and Cp*_2Ta(=X)H (X=O, S, NH, N(C_6H_5)) were investigated. Cp*_2Ta(=NH)H was found to react with D_2 to give Cp*_2Ta(=ND)H, implying a nonsymmetric amide-dihydride intermediate for the addition/elimination process. Cp*_2Ta(=S)H and H_2O equilibrate with Cp*_2Ta(=O)H and H_2S, which allowed determination of the difference in bond strengths for Ta=O and Ta=S. Ta=O was found to be approximately 41 kcals/mole stronger than Ta=S.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Scandium, tantalum, carbon monoxide activation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bercaw, John E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Bercaw, John E. (chair)
  • Gray, Harry B.
  • Schaefer, William P.
Defense Date:22 February 1989
Non-Caltech Author Email:mstclair (AT)
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:08262013-094527536
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7941
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:26 Aug 2013 17:22
Last Modified:18 Dec 2020 02:11

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