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Isolation and characterization of proteins that bind to yeast origins of DNA replication

Citation

Sweder, Kevin S. (1989) Isolation and characterization of proteins that bind to yeast origins of DNA replication. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:08232013-141734040

Abstract

Yeast chromosomes contain sequences called ARSs which function as origins of replication in vitro and in vivo. We have carried out a systematic deletion analysis of ARS1, allowing us to define three functionally distinct domains, designated A, B, and C. Domain A is a sequence of 11 to 19bp, containing the core consensus element that is required for replication. The core consensus sequence, A/TTTTATPuTTTA/T, is conserved at all ARSs sequenced to date. A fragment containing only element A and 8 flanking nucleotides enables autonomous replication of centromeric plasmids. These plasmids replicate very inefficiently, suggesting that flanking sequences must be important for ARS function. Domain B also provides important sequences needed for efficient replication. Deletion of domain B drastically increases the doubling times of transformants and reduces plasmid stability. Domain B contains a potential consensus sequence conserved at some ARSs which overlaps a region of bent DNA. Mutational analysis suggests this bent DNA may be important for ARS function. Deletion of domain C has only a slight effect on replication of plasmids carrying those deletions.

We have identified a protein called ARS binding factor I (ABF-I) that binds to the HMR-E ARS and ARS1. We have purified this protein to homogeneity using conventional and oligonucleotide affinity chromatography. The protein has an apparent molecular weight of 135kDa and is present at about 700 molecules per diploid cell, based on the yield of purified protein and in situ antibody staining. DNaseI footprinting reveals that ABF-I binds sequence-specifically to an approximately 24bp sequence that overlaps element Bat ARSl. This same protein binds to and protects a similar size region at the HMR-E ARS.

We also find evidence for another ARS binding protein, ABF-III, based on DN asei footprint analysis and gel retardation assays. The protein protects approximately 22bp adjacent to the ABF-I site. There appears to be no interaction between ABF-I and ABF-III despite the proximity of their binding sites.

To address the function of ABF-I in DNA replication, we have cloned the ABF-I gene using rabbit polyclonal anti-sera and murine monoclonal antibodies against ABF-I to screen a λgt11 expression library. Four EcoRI restriction fragments were isolated which encoded proteins that were recognized by both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. A gene disruption can now be constructed to determine the in vivo function of ABF-I.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Campbell, Judith L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Richards, Jack
  • Emr, Scott D.
  • Chan, Sunney I.
  • Davidson, Norman R.
Defense Date:30 August 1988
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:08232013-141734040
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:08232013-141734040
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7936
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: John Wade
Deposited On:23 Aug 2013 21:32
Last Modified:26 Aug 2013 14:44

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