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Structural and mechanistic study of monoalkyl diazenes. Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of 1,6-didehydro[10]annulene

Citation

Finney, Nathaniel S. (1994) Structural and mechanistic study of monoalkyl diazenes. Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of 1,6-didehydro[10]annulene. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/pjpf-6x38. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04302013-092335648

Abstract

Methodology for the preparation of allenes from propargylic hydrazine precursors under mild conditions is described. Oxidation of the propargylic hydrazines, which can be readily prepared from propargylic alcohols, with either of two azo oxidants, diethyl azodicarboxylate (DEAD) or 4-methyl 1,2-triazoline-3,5-dione (MTAD), effects conversion to the allenes, presumably via sigmatropic rearrangement of a monoalkyl diazene intermediate. This rearrangement is demonstrated to proceed with essentially complete stereospecificity. The application of this methodology to the preparation of other allenes, including two that are notable for their reactivity and thermal instability, is also described.

The structural and mechanistic study of a monoalkyl diazene intermediate in the oxidative transformation of propargylic hydrazines to allenes is described. The use of long-range heteronuclear NMR coupling constants for assigning monoalkyl diazene stereochemistry (E vs Z) is also discussed. Evidence is presented that all known monoalkyl diazenes are the E isomers, and the erroneous assignment of stereochemistry in the previous report of the preparation of (Z)-phenyldiazene is discussed.

The synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of 1,6-didehydro[10]annulene are described. This molecule has been recognized as an interesting synthetic target for over 40 years and represents the intersection of two sets of extensively studied molecules: nonbenzenoid aromatic compounds and molecules containing sterically compressed π-systems.The formation of 1,5-dehydronaphthalene from 1 ,6-didehydro[10]annulene is believed to be the prototype for cycloaromatizations that produce 1,4-dehydroaromatic species with the radical centers disposed anti about the newly formed single bond. The aromaticity of this annulene and the facility of its cycloaromatization are also analyzed.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Myers, Andrew G.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:22 October 1993
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:04302013-092335648
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04302013-092335648
DOI:10.7907/pjpf-6x38
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7647
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: John Wade
Deposited On:30 Apr 2013 16:58
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 22:26

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