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Experiments in Neutrino Mass and Mixing: Part I - New Limits on Heavy Neutrino Emission in Nuclear Beta Decay. Part II - Fast Neutron Backgrounds for the San Onofre Neutrino Detector

Citation

Chen, Mark C. (1994) Experiments in Neutrino Mass and Mixing: Part I - New Limits on Heavy Neutrino Emission in Nuclear Beta Decay. Part II - Fast Neutron Backgrounds for the San Onofre Neutrino Detector. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/c3gn-4t26. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04292013-094752243

Abstract

In Part I of this thesis, a new magnetic spectrometer experiment which measured the β spectrum of ^(35)S is described. New limits on heavy neutrino emission in nuclear β decay were set, for a heavy neutrino mass range between 12 and 22 keV. In particular, this measurement rejects the hypothesis that a 17 keV neutrino is emitted, with sin^2 θ = 0.0085, at the 6δ statistical level. In addition, an auxiliary experiment was performed, in which an artificial kink was induced in the β spectrum by means of an absorber foil which masked a fraction of the source area. In this measurement, the sensitivity of the magnetic spectrometer to the spectral features of heavy neutrino emission was demonstrated.

In Part II, a measurement of the neutron spallation yield and multiplicity by the Cosmic-ray Underground Background Experiment is described. The production of fast neutrons by muons was investigated at an underground depth of 20 meters water equivalent, with a 200 liter detector filled with 0.09% Gd-loaded liquid scintillator. We measured a neutron production yield of (3.4 ± 0.7) x 10^(-5) neutrons per muon-g/cm^2, in agreement with other experiments. A single-to-double neutron multiplicity ratio of 4:1 was observed. In addition, stopped π^+ decays to µ^+ and then e^+ were observed as was the associated production of pions and neutrons, by the muon spallation interaction. It was seen that practically all of the π^+ produced by muons were also accompanied by at least one neutron. These measurements serve as the basis for neutron background estimates for the San Onofre neutrino detector.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Boehm, Felix H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:13 May 1994
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:04292013-094752243
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04292013-094752243
DOI:10.7907/c3gn-4t26
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7642
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: John Wade
Deposited On:29 Apr 2013 18:41
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 22:11

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