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Fluorescence Optofluidic Microscopy and Fluorescence Microscopy Based on the Talbot Effect


Pang, Shuo (2013) Fluorescence Optofluidic Microscopy and Fluorescence Microscopy Based on the Talbot Effect. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/WWFF-7S14.


Light microscopy has been one of the most common tools in biological research, because of its high resolution and non-invasive nature of the light. Due to its high sensitivity and specificity, fluorescence is one of the most important readout modes of light microscopy. This thesis presents two new fluorescence microscopic imaging techniques: fluorescence optofluidic microscopy and fluorescent Talbot microscopy. The designs of the two systems are fundamentally different from conventional microscopy, which makes compact and portable devices possible. The components of the devices are suitable for mass-production, making the microscopic imaging system more affordable for biological research and clinical diagnostics.

Fluorescence optofluidic microscopy (FOFM) is capable of imaging fluorescent samples in fluid media. The FOFM employs an array of Fresnel zone plates (FZP) to generate an array of focused light spots within a microfluidic channel. As a sample flows through the channel and across the array of focused light spots, a filter-coated CMOS sensor collects the fluorescence emissions. The collected data can then be processed to render a fluorescence microscopic image. The resolution, which is determined by the focused light spot size, is experimentally measured to be 0.65 μm.

Fluorescence Talbot microscopy (FTM) is a fluorescence chip-scale microscopy technique that enables large field-of-view (FOV) and high-resolution imaging. The FTM method utilizes the Talbot effect to project a grid of focused excitation light spots onto the sample. The sample is placed on a filter-coated CMOS sensor chip. The fluorescence emissions associated with each focal spot are collected by the sensor chip and are composed into a sparsely sampled fluorescence image. By raster scanning the Talbot focal spot grid across the sample and collecting a sequence of sparse images, a filled-in high-resolution fluorescence image can be reconstructed. In contrast to a conventional microscope, a collection efficiency, resolution, and FOV are not tied to each other for this technique. The FOV of FTM is directly scalable. Our FTM prototype has demonstrated a resolution of 1.2 μm, and the collection efficiency equivalent to a conventional microscope objective with a 0.70 N.A. The FOV is 3.9 mm × 3.5 mm, which is 100 times larger than that of a 20X/0.40 N.A. conventional microscope objective. Due to its large FOV, high collection efficiency, compactness, and its potential for integration with other on-chip devices, FTM is suitable for diverse applications, such as point-of-care diagnostics, large-scale functional screens, and long-term automated imaging.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Fluorescence Microscopy, On-chip Microscopy, Microfluidics, Optofluidics, Talbot Effect
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yang, Changhuei
Thesis Committee:
  • Yang, Changhuei (chair)
  • Tai, Yu-Chong
  • Sternberg, Paul W.
  • Choo, Hyuck
  • Emami, Azita
Defense Date:2 April 2013
Non-Caltech Author Email:shuopang02 (AT)
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:04132013-185824588
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7614
Deposited By: Shuo Pang
Deposited On:25 Apr 2013 18:20
Last Modified:08 Nov 2023 18:41

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