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Silicon-Directed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions


Widdowson, Katherine (1992) Silicon-Directed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z89M-4K49.


It is shown that O-silyl ketene N,O-acetals react with aldehydes, without catalysis, to form aldol-type products with high diastereoselectivity. For example, the prolinolderived O-silyl ketene N,O-acetal 7 reacts with benzaldehyde to form the anti aldol product 9 with > 98% diastereoselectivity. Mechanistic studies are presented which support a scheme involving formation of trigonal bipyrarnid (tbp) G, pseudorotation to form tbp Tboat, and rate-determining C-C bond formation to produce 9.

[Formula. See abstract in scanned thesis for details]

It is shown that aldehydes react with pyridine, benzeneselenol, dichlorodimethylsilane, and an allylic alcohol to form O-allyloxy dimethylsilyl hemiselenoacetals in high yield. These derivatives undergo efficient free radical-mediated cyclization upon treatment with BU3SnH, as exemplified by the transformation of 7→8. Together these steps provide an efficient method for carbon-carbon bond formation between the carbonyl carbon of an aldehyde and the terminus of an allylic alcohol.

[Formula. See abstract in scanned thesis for details]

2,3-Epoxy alcohols are transformed to C2-inverted cyclic carbonates upon treatment with cesium carbonate under an atmosphere of carbon dioxide (e.g., 5→6).The reaction is completely stereospecific, within experimental error, and forms only 5-membered ring cyclic carbonates.

[Formula. See abstract in scanned thesis for details]

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Myers, Andrew G.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:2 March 1992
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:09282011-115011728
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6693
Deposited On:28 Sep 2011 22:35
Last Modified:16 Mar 2020 18:21

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