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The Beta Spectra of the Mass 12 Nuclei


Michel, F. Curtis (1962) The Beta Spectra of the Mass 12 Nuclei. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/4BW8-8827.


This thesis, "The Beta Spectra of the Mass 12 Nuclei," is mainly concerned with an experimental test of the conserved-vector-current theory. This theory predicts a deviation from the allowed shape of the B12 and N12 beta spectra. The ratio of the shape factor of the two spectra is expected to have an energy dependence of 1.10 ± 0.17 percent per Mev. If the CVC hypothesis is not invoked, this ratio is estimated to be an order of magnitude smaller. The two spectra have been measured with a magnetic spectrometer and found to give for this ratio the value 1.30 ± 0.31 percent per Mev. In addition the branching fraction of the N12 decay to the 7.6-Mev state of C12 has been determined to be 3.0 ± 0.5 percent. The geometrical mean of the two shape factors was observed to have an unexpected linear energy dependence of 1.18 percent per Mev. Theoretical estimates are made of relevant matrix elements in search of an understanding of this. Baffle penetration by the beta particles gives a systematic effect estimated to account for about one third of the observed mean shape factor. The uncertainty in this estimate precludes a definite conclusion on the actual presence of this term in the spectra. Such penetration is expected, however, to have little influence on the conserved vector current theory test. A preliminary report of this work has been published (1, 2).

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lauritsen, Thomas
Thesis Committee:
  • Lauritsen, Thomas (chair)
  • Fowler, William A.
  • Barnes, Charles A.
  • Boehm, Felix H.
Defense Date:1 January 1962
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:08232011-105654839
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6614
Deposited By: Dan Anguka
Deposited On:23 Aug 2011 18:23
Last Modified:21 Dec 2023 20:34

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