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The Range of Heavy Ions in Solid Materials


Powers, R. Darden (1962) The Range of Heavy Ions in Solid Materials. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z12Y-J867.


The range of Xe, Kr, A, Ne, and N ions in Al, Be, B, and C has been investigated for incident ion energy in the region 50-500 kev. A monoenergetic ion beam accelerated in an electrostatic accelerator strike a thick target of the stopping material and the penetration depth of the ions beneath the surface is determined by a momentum analysis of monoenergetic protons elastically scattered from the target and embedded atoms. A linear range-energy behavior is observed tor Xe, Kr, and A ions, but dE/dR increases with ion energy for N and Ne ions. The range-energy expression of Nielsen based upon elastic nuclear collisions predicts a constant dE/dR for Xe and Kr ions which is 20 to 28 per cent above the experimental values. A more recent theory by Lindhard and Scharff which includes electron excitation of the stopping atoms fits the Xe in Be, Kr in Be, and Kr in Al experimental data to within (^(+13_(-7)) per cent but is systematically higher than the Xe in Al values by +35 per cent at 50 kev down to +2 per cent at 500 kev. For A, Ne, and N ions, where the low velocity elastic nuclear collision theory is not applicable, the Lindhard-Scharff predictions are from 0 to +15 per cent above the experimental values.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Whaling, Ward
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1962
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:08192011-111730742
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6607
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:19 Aug 2011 20:26
Last Modified:21 Dec 2023 21:07

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