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I: Retrieval of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide from High-Resolution Spectra. II: Interannual Variability of the Stratospheric Quasi-Biennual Oscillation


Kuai, Le (2011) I: Retrieval of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide from High-Resolution Spectra. II: Interannual Variability of the Stratospheric Quasi-Biennual Oscillation. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/6821-E823.


This thesis is devoted to an understanding of climate changes in the troposphere and the stratosphere from different aspects. In the troposphere, projecting future climate depends on our understanding of the exchange of CO₂ between the atmosphere, oceans, and terrestrial ecosystems. To understand the carbon cycle, it is important to estimate the sources and sinks of CO₂. The so-called inverse approach has been widely used to retrieve the abundances of atmospheric species, such as CO₂, from global surface networks and subsequently estimate their surface fluxes and variability. Understanding of the global distribution and temporal variability of atmospheric CO₂ thus helps constrain the surface carbon sources and sinks. In the stratosphere, the equatorial quansi-biennual oscillation (QBO) affects the polar stratosphere during winter, with the easterly phase of the QBO creating the condition for a more perturbed and warmer polar vortex. Therefore, the variation of the QBO period has additional significance, especially with respect to the timing of its phase relative to the Northern Hemisphere (NH) winter. The study of the interannual variability of the QBO improves our understanding of the climate system.

In this thesis, a retrieval algorithm is developed to estimate both CO₂ column abundance and its profile using radiances in the near-infrared region. In addition, the interannual variability of QBO is explored by studying both observation data and the modeled results. The thesis includes two parts. Part I (chapters 1 and 2) is a summary of the work about the CO₂ retrievals. Part II (chapters 3 and 4) is devoted to the stratospheric dynamics.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Retrieval, carbon dioxide, and Quasi-Biennual Oscillation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Geological and Planetary Sciences
Major Option:Planetary Sciences
Minor Option:Environmental Science and Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yung, Yuk L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Wennberg, Paul O. (chair)
  • Yung, Yuk L.
  • Ingersoll, Andrew P.
  • Blake, Geoffrey A.
Defense Date:22 April 2011
Non-Caltech Author Email:kl (AT)
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05222011-150750020
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6416
Deposited By: Le Kuai
Deposited On:08 Jun 2011 02:22
Last Modified:08 Nov 2023 00:36

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