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Rotordynamic Forces Generated by Annular Leakage Flows in Centrifugal Pumps


Hsu, Yun (2001) Rotordynamic Forces Generated by Annular Leakage Flows in Centrifugal Pumps. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/fr51-ft92.


Fluid-induced rotordynamic forces in pumping machinery are well documented but poorly understood. The present research focuses on the rotordynamics due to fluid flow in annuli, in particular, the discharge-to-suction leakage flow in centrifugal pumps. There are indications that the contribution of the front shroud leakage flow can be of the same order of magnitude as contributions from the nonuniform pressure acting on the impeller discharge. Previous investigations have established some of the basic traits of these flows. This work furthers the experimental and computational approach to quantify and predict the shroud contribution to the rotordynamic stability of pumping machinery. Childs' bulk flow model for leakage paths is carefully examined, and convective relations for vorticity and total pressure are deduced. This analysis leads to a new solution procedure for the bulk flow equations which does not resort to linearization or assumed harmonic forms of the flow variables. Experimental results presented show the contributions of the inlet swirl velocities to the rotordynamic forces. Antiswirl devices are evaluated for their effectiveness in reducing instability. Additional tests measuring the pressure distributions and the inlet swirl velocities of the leakage flow confirm some of the predictions by numerical analysis.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Mechanical Engineering)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Brennen, Christopher E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Raichlen, Fredric
  • Acosta, Allan J.
  • Hunt, Melany L.
  • Colonius, Tim
Defense Date:1 May 2001
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:12022010-081219787
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6192
Deposited By: Rita Suarez
Deposited On:02 Dec 2010 23:35
Last Modified:25 Oct 2023 23:23

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