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The Geology of a Portion of Newhall and Sylmar Quadrangles, Los Angeles County, California


Harshman, Elbert Nelson (1932) The Geology of a Portion of Newhall and Sylmar Quadrangles, Los Angeles County, California. Bachelor's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/5Q94-MX67.


The area mapped includes nine and one-half square miles of the southeastern portion of the Newhall quadrangle and the southwestern portion of the Sylmar quadrangle, Los Angeles County, California. The work was done as partial fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor of Science at the California Institute of Technology.

The area has been mapped before by W. S. W. Kew, whose work will be found in U.S.G.S. Bull. 753. At that time, how ever, maps were of a scale of one mile to the inch, and field work could not be plotted with great accuracy. Recently Los Angeles County maps have been issued with a scale of two thousand feet to the inch, enabling the writer to plot the field data very accurately.

The area mapped consists of sediments, and a metamorphic complex in which little was done. The sediments begin with the Middle Miocene Modelo, and include the Pliocene Pico formation as well as the Pliocene-Pleistocene Saugus. The sediments consist conglomerates, sandstones, and shales. In areal extent the conglomerates are the most important, and the shales the least, but economically the shales are more important as they serve as a source of oil.

The dominant structures in the region are the late Pleistocene folds, and the Sierra Madra fault of the same age. All structures trend in an east-west direction, although the fault makes a 45° turn in this area, and after running, in a northeast-southwest direction for about five miles turns again and continues its east-west trend.

Oil is found in the region, collected along the folds to the north and to the west of this area. There is a possibility of oil along the Pico anticline.

Quartz veins are present in the basement and may be of some economic value.

Item Type:Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Newhall Quadrangle, Sylmar Quadrangle, Middle Miocene Modelo, Pliocene Pico Formation, Pliocene-Pleistocene Saugus, Pico anticline
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Geological and Planetary Sciences
Major Option:Geology
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • None, None
Defense Date:1 June 1932
Additional Information:Supplemental Files Information: Geologic Map: Supplement 1 from "The geology of a portion of Newhall and Sylmar quadrangles, Los Angeles County, California" (Thesis). Geographic Location Bounding Box: -118.467 Degrees East; -118.533 Degrees West; 34.333 Degrees North; 34.3 Degrees South.
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:12042009-134826911
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription 1 in CaltechDATA: Geologic Map
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5421
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Dec 2009 23:43
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 23:43

Thesis Files

PDF (Thesis) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF (Geologic Map) - Supplemental Material
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