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Optofluidic Dye Lasers


Li, Zhenyu (2008) Optofluidic Dye Lasers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/AQQR-QG80.


Optofluidic dye lasers refer to a class of liquid dye lasers, usually on a microfabricated device, in which the adaptive nature of the liquid gain medium allows the dynamical control of the laser properties. Miniaturizing liquid dye lasers onto a microfluidic device not only results in compact, easy-to-maintain and safe dye laser systems, but also provides unprecedented optical performances such as precise spatial mode control, low threshold, and automatic fluidic tuning. Equally important, such on-chip liquid laser sources represent an important component for "lab-on-a-chip" systems.

This thesis studies the implementations of optofluidic dye lasers on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based microfluidic devices. Replica molding soft lithography was used to fabricate monolithic PDMS devices which contain both wavelength-scale optical structures and large-sized microfluidic channels. We have demonstrated narrow linewidth single mode DFB lasers, simultaneous operation of integrated DFB laser arrays with a single pump, multiple color lasing from the same DFB cavity, continuous mechanical wavelength tuning over a 60nm range, microfluidic wavelength tuning, single mode liquid-core microring lasers using Vernier effect, liquid-cladding evanescent gain DFB lasers, and monolithic integration with PDMS microfluidic circuits. Typical laser thresholds achieved are well within the reach of commercial high power laser diodes, thus enabling the implementations of compact tunable laser sources for portable “lab-on-a-chip” devices. The impressive performances, diverse geometries and applications clearly demonstrate the power of optofluidic integration and adaptation.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:distributed feedback lasers; dye lasers; lab-on-a-chip; microfabrication; microfluidics; microring rosonators; optofluidics; single mode lasers; tunable lasers
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Psaltis, Demetri
Thesis Committee:
  • Psaltis, Demetri (chair)
  • Scherer, Axel
  • Yang, Changhuei
  • Libbrecht, Kenneth George
  • Painter, Oskar J.
Defense Date:17 July 2007
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09142007-143251
Persistent URL:
Li, Zhenyu0000-0002-7752-6225
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5251
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:04 Oct 2007
Last Modified:28 Jan 2020 23:15

Thesis Files

PDF (thesis_zhenyu.pdf) - Final Version
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