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Calculation of Enthalpy-Entropy Diagrams for Rocket Propellant Systems


Slater, Mervin Otis (1948) Calculation of Enthalpy-Entropy Diagrams for Rocket Propellant Systems. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/J89N-WK27.


The purpose of this thesis is to present a method and the fundamental data necessary to construct enthalpy-entropy diagrams and from these diagrams to calculate theoretical performance of rocket motor propellants. The systems investigated using this method are: (1) RFNA-Ammonia (1) (2) Ammonia (1)-Ozone (1) (3) Hydrogen (1) Ozone (1) Enthalpy-entropy diagrams for these fuels were constructed for several different mixture ratios: over oxidized, stoichiometric, and under-oxidized. Performance was calculated assuming chamber pressures of 600 psia and 300 psia and exhaust pressures of 14.7 psia, 7.35 psia, and 0.147 psia. These diagrams facilitate the investigation of the effect of varying chamber pressure on chamber temperature and performance. They also facilitate investigation of varying expansion ratio, varying mixtures ratios, etc. They are especially useful in determining the performance of step rockets where exhaust conditions may vary from sea level to vacuum. The results of the performance calculations indicate that performance found by using enthalpy-entropy diagrams checks closely with those determined by other methods. The performance of the last two systems is such as to indicate that a more thorough study of them should be made.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 June 1948
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12242008-124334
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5136
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:15 Jan 2009
Last Modified:22 Mar 2023 19:35

Thesis Files

PDF (Slater_mo_1948.pdf) - Final Version
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