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Measurements of Skin Friction in Turbulent Boundary Layers at Transonic Speeds


Hakkinen, Raimo Jaakko (1954) Measurements of Skin Friction in Turbulent Boundary Layers at Transonic Speeds. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/WAX3-QV41.


The first part of this report describes the design and construction of a floating element skin friction balance. This instrument, which is essentially an improved version of Dhawan's balance, was applied to measurements of local skin friction in the turbulent boundary layer of a smooth flat plate at high subsonic Mach numbers and supersonic Mach numbers up to M = 1.75. The measured skin friction coefficients are consistent with the results of other investigations at subsonic and also at high supersonic speeds. The principal difficulties which exist in comparing skin friction coefficients at various Mach numbers are discussed. The second part of this report describes the application of the Stanton tube technique to skin friction measurements near the base of a shock wave impinging upon a turbulent boundary layer. The floating element technique is inherently difficult to apply for skin friction measurements in non-uniform flow. Hence, a Stanton tube is calibrated by means of a floating element balance in a uniform flow field and then used to measure skin friction near the base of an impinging shock. Oblique shock waves were produced by two wedges of 2.5[degree] and 4.6[degree] semi-angles and a normal shock was generated by a choked channel. Skin friction and velocity profiles were obtained for these three cases at a free stream Mach number of 1.48.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautics and Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Minor Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Liepmann, Hans Wolfgang
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1954
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12152003-084052
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4999
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:17 Dec 2003
Last Modified:08 Jun 2023 22:18

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PDF (Hakkinen_rj_1954.pdf) - Final Version
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