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Coherence Domain Optical Imaging Techniques


Wu, Jigang (2009) Coherence Domain Optical Imaging Techniques. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/6H07-PA44.


Coherence domain optical imaging techniques have been developing quickly in the past few decades after the invention of laser. In this thesis, I will report the imaging methods that constitute my research projects during these years of graduate studies, including paired-angle-rotation scanning (PARS) forward-imaging probe for optical coherence tomography (OCT), full-field phase imaging technique based on harmonically matched diffraction grating (G1G2 grating), and Fresnel zone plate (FZP) based optifluidic microscopy (OFM). Compared with conventional optical microscopy, the coherence domain optical imaging has many advantages and greatly extends the application of imaging techniques.

OCT, based on low-coherence interferometry, is a high-resolution imaging technique that has been successfully applied to many biomedical applications. The development of various probes for OCT further made this technique applicable to endoscopic imaging. In the project of PARS-OCT probe, I have developed a forward-imaging probe based on two rotating angle-cut GRIN lenses. The diameter of the first prototype PARS-OCT probe that I made is 1.65 mm. My colleagues further built a probe with diameter of 0.82 mm. To our knowledge, this is the smallest forward-imaging probe that has been reported. The first prototype probe was characterized and successfully used to acquire OCT images of a Xenopus laevis tadpole.

Full-field phase imaging techniques are important for metrology and can also obtain high-resolution images for biological samples, especially transparent samples such as living cells. We have developed a novel full-field phase imaging technique based on the G1G2 grating. The G1G2 interferometry uses the G1G2 grating as a beam splitter/combiner and can confer nontrivial phase shift between output interference signals. Thus the phase and intensity information of the sample can be obtained by processing the two direct CCD images acquired at the output ports of the G1G2 grating. The details of this technique are explained in this thesis, and the phase imaging results for standard phase objects and biological samples are also shown.

OFM is a novel high-resolution and low-cost chip-level microscope developed by our group several years ago. Combining the unique imaging concept and microfluidic techniques, OFM system can be potentially useful to many biomedical applications, such as cytometry, blood parasite diagnosis, and water quality inspection. In the project of FZP-OFM, I applied the FZP to project the OFM aperture array onto an imaging sensor for OFM imaging. In this way, the sensor and the aperture array can be separated and will be useful for some situations. To demonstrate its capability, the FZP-OFM system was used to acquire OFM images of the protist Euglena gracilis.

The studies in my research show the possibility of the application of various coherence domain optical imaging techniques in biomedical area, which is the primary objective of this thesis.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:grating; optical coherence tomography; optofluidic microscopy; phase imaging
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yang, Changhuei
Thesis Committee:
  • Yang, Changhuei (chair)
  • Yariv, Amnon
  • Vaidyanathan, P. P.
  • Fraser, Scott E.
  • Tai, Yu-Chong
Defense Date:25 November 2008
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12112008-102138
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4949
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:23 Jan 2009
Last Modified:08 Nov 2023 18:41

Thesis Files

PDF (JigangWuThesis.pdf) - Final Version
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