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Cage effects in the thermal decomposition of l,l'-azocyanocyclohexane and the related ketenimine


Waits, Harold Paul (1964) Cage effects in the thermal decomposition of l,l'-azocyanocyclohexane and the related ketenimine. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/W1JH-1892.


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The thermal decompositions of 1,1'-azocyanocyclohexane and the related N-(l-cyanocyclohexyl)-pentamethyleneketenimine were carried out in chlorobenzene solutions containing varying amounts of scavengers. Bromine and iodine were used to scavenge cyanocyclohexyl radicals from the decomposition of the azo compound and DPPH was similarly used in the case of the ketenimine. The stable 1,1'-dicyanobicyclohexyl is a main product in both decompositions and its formation is taken as a measure of the extent of geminate recombination. The decrease in its yield observed at high scavenger concentrations (>0.1 [...]) is attributed to scavenging of caged radicals. The dependence of the decrease in yield on scavenger concentration indicates that secondary recombination is unimportant. Whereas theory predicts a dependence on the square root of the scavenger concentration, a linear relation is observed. It is concluded that interference, by scavenger, with primary recombination can occur only if the scavenger molecule is a nearest neighbor to the radical pair at the time of its formation.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1964
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12102002-090909
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4916
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:16 Dec 2002
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 02:24

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