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Experimental Study of Helium and Argon Diffusion in the Wake of a Circular Cylinder at M = 5.8


Kingsland, Louis (1961) Experimental Study of Helium and Argon Diffusion in the Wake of a Circular Cylinder at M = 5.8. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/1FDZ-JX04.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. Experimental measurements of the diffusion of helium and argon in the wake of a porous cylinder were made in the GALCIT hypersonic wind tunnel at Mach number 5.8. The cylinder was mounted perpendicular to the flow and small quantities of tracer gas were pumped through the model walls into the flow. The thermal conductivity method of gas analysis was used to determine the concentration of sample gases extracted from points in the wake. The transverse and axial distribution of concentration appeared to follow theoretical estimates of "similarity behavior". Injection of tracer gas was found to have a measurable effect on stagnation pressure and this effect was taken into account during computations. Numerical values of diffusion coefficients along the wake centerline were computed from the experimental data and then compared with theoretical values for laminar flow. Close agreement between experimental and theoretical values at [...] = 18,000 verified that the inner wake was laminar as far downstream as measurements could be made (15 diameters). At [...] = 72,000, the data showed that mixing processes were 3 times more rapid for helium, and 10 times more rapid for argon, than those expected in laminar flow. This result confirmed the presence of turbulence at this flow condition.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautical Engineering)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lees, Lester (advisor)
  • Kubota, Toshi (advisor)
  • Zukoski, Edward E. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1961
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12092005-081550
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4901
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:09 Dec 2005
Last Modified:20 Nov 2023 23:02

Thesis Files

PDF (Kingsland_l_1961.pdf) - Final Version
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