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Experiments on Entrainment, Mixing and Chemical Reactions in Turbulent Jets at Large Schmidt Number


Dahm, Werner Johann Anton (1985) Experiments on Entrainment, Mixing and Chemical Reactions in Turbulent Jets at Large Schmidt Number. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/k93g-jh12.


Entrainment, mixing and chemical reactions are investigated in the far field of steady, axisymmetric, momentum-driven, turbulent jets issuing into an unconfined, quiescent medium in the large Schmidt number (liquid-phase) regime. Visualization experiments using both passive and chemically sensitive planar laser induced fluorescence (LIF) techniques show the importance of large scale transport in the jet far field, and suggest that entrainment, mixing and chemical reactions in the far field are dominated by a large scale organization of the flow. Successive instantaneous profiles of the jet fluid concentration along the axial and radial directions in the jet far field are measured by combining these LIF techniques with direct, high-resolution, linear photodiode array imaging and high-speed digital data acquisition. These imaging measurements have revealed an axial similarity concentration variable for which probability density functions (PDFs) in the jet far field are self-similar along rays. A chemical reaction method is presented which allows the self-similar form of these PDFs to be measured with full resolution at all scales of transport and mixing. Furthermore, these imaging measurements have shown that instantaneous radial profiles of the jet fluid concentration do not resemble the mean concentration profile. Specifically, unmixed ambient fluid is found deep within the jet and the composition of molecularly mixed fluid within large regions in the jet is approximately uniform. The results from these experiments are interpreted in the context of a simple conceptual model for large scale organization of entrainment, mixing and chemical reactions in the far field of turbulent jets.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Dimotakis, Paul E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Dimotakis, Paul E. (chair)
  • Broadwell, James E.
  • Roshko, Anatol
  • Zukoski, Edward E.
  • Shair, Fredrick H.
Defense Date:3 May 1985
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Donald Wills Douglas Prize FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)83-0213
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)8400-28
Gas Research Institute (GRI)5083-260-0878
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12062006-104125
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4815
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:22 Dec 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:31

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PDF (Dahm_wja_1985.pdf) - Final Version
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