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The Effect of Stress and Temperature on the Velocity of Dislocations in Pure Iron Monocrystals


Turner, Arthur P.L. (1969) The Effect of Stress and Temperature on the Velocity of Dislocations in Pure Iron Monocrystals. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/RQXY-BZ41.


The velocity of dislocations in pure iron monocrystals as a function of applied stress was measured by observing the change in length of dislocation slip bands after the application of a constant stress amplitude load pulse. Measurements covered a range of stresses from 10 to 500 Mdynes/cm2 and temperatures of 393, 295, 198, and 77°K.

The dislocation velocity at constant stress was found to be a sensitive function of temperature. However, the nature of the variation of the velocity with temperature was found to be inconsistent with theoretical formulations of thermally assisted dislocation motion. The nature of the disagreement between the experimental results and the thermal activation models is similar to that previously observed in niobium and Fe-3%Si . The decrease in dislocation velocity with decreasing temperature was also found to be too large to be attributed to hardening from the small amounts of impurities in the crystals.

The behavior of the dislocations as determined by this study was found to be consistent with predictions made from measurements of the macroscopic yield stress. However, the results of this study differ markedly from the behavior predicted from measurements of the strain rate sensitivity of the flow stress.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Materials Science
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Materials Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Vreeland, Thad
Thesis Committee:
  • Wood, David Shotwell
Defense Date:24 September 1968
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-10042002-163154
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3906
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:07 Oct 2002
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 02:21

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