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Experimental Investigation of Pressure Drop in Helical Coils


Clancy, Albert Harrison (1949) Experimental Investigation of Pressure Drop in Helical Coils. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Y2Z6-SG48.


The purpose of this study was to begin an investigation of the pressure drop in flow through helical coils. In general, the procedure followed was to define the governing parameters and then to isolate the effect of each on the pressure drop. The pressure drop was assumed to depend upon the length of the tube, the inside diameter of the tube, the diameter of the helix, the roughness of the inside of the tube, and Reynolds number. Variation of the pressure drop with change in diameter of the tube was not investigated. Five different lengths of plastic tubing were tested separately on five helices of different diameters at Reynolds numbers from 3,000 to 100,000 to study the effects of length and helix diameter. Twelve steel coils of different inside roughnesses were tested over the same Reynolds number range to obtain the effect of roughness on pressure drop. The results of the investigation indicated that pressure drop in a helical coil is linearly dependent on length, is only slightly effected by roughness, and is a function of both Reynolds number and diameter of helix as indicated in the attached curves. These conclusions, of course, hold only for the limited field covered by the investigation.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1949
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01272009-153532
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:384
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:28 Jan 2009
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 18:40

Thesis Files

PDF (Clancy_ah_1949.pdf) - Final Version
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