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(AlGa)As Semiconductor Lasers and Integrated Optoelectronics


Wilt, Daniel Paul (1981) (AlGa)As Semiconductor Lasers and Integrated Optoelectronics. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/f9jz-ez68.


Five subjects related to monolithic integration of electronic and optical devices in the (AlGa)As material system are treated in this thesis. They are:

1. The Integrated Optoelectronic Repeater:

The design, fabrication, and testing of the first monolithic integrated optical repeater is described. This device consists of an optical detector, electronic gain stage, and current modulated semiconductor laser transmitter integrated in a single crystal chip to perform the function of regenerating an optical signal as might be found in an optical communication system. The device has a measured optical gain (light out to light in) of 10 dB.

2. Ion Implanted Lasers and Schottky Gate Field Effect Transistors:

The use of ion implantation as a technique to fabricate both lasers and field effect transistors is described. Devices fabricated include a beryllium implanted laser diode on N type GaAs substrate, a beryllium implanted laser diode on semi-insulating Cr doped GaAs substrate integrated with a field effect transistor driver, and sulfur implanted GaAs field effect transistors.

3. A Steady State Lateral Model of the Double Heterostructure Laser:

A theoretical model of the double heterostructure laser is described which treats the p-n junction in the device correctly by using fundamental semiconductor relationships and reasonable assumptions about the device heterointerfaces. The model treats both the electronic and optical properties self consistently, making the model valid above lasing threshold. Finite element formalism is adopted as a solution technique to enable the treatment of complicated diode geometries. An example is treated and theoretical and experimental results are compared.

4. The Effect of Lateral Carrier Diffusion on the Modulation Response of a Semiconductor Laser:

The effect of lateral carrier diffusion upon the modulation characteristics of the semiconductor laser is investigated. A self consistent analysis of the spatially dependent rate equations is performed using a finite element model. The transverse junction stripe laser is treated as an example and a comparison is made between lateral carrier diffusion and spontaneous emission as damping mechanisms for the resonance peak. Experimental results bear out the conclusion that the relaxation resonance in this device is damped mainly by lateral carrier diffusion. In addition, a simple analytic result is presented which illustrates qualitatively the effect of lateral carrier diffusion upon such devices. The conclusion from this result is that lateral carrier diffusion serves to damp the relaxation resonance in the semiconductor laser quite well, but probably will not serve to improve the upper limit on modulation frequency as might have been suspected.

5. Effective Permittivity Formalism and the Design of Buried Heterostructure Lasers:

An approach to effective permittivity formalism is presented which clarifies and extends the use of this technique particularly in the treatment of waveguiding in the semiconductor laser. The scalar wave equation is posed in a variational form, and the effective permittivity formalism is treated as a variational approximation technique. This approach shows clearly the nature and limits of the approximation involved. The formalism is applied to the case of the buried heterostructure laser and the results differ considerably from the conventional application of effective permittivity formalism to this device when a reasonable form is assumed for the variational modal profile.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Applied Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yariv, Amnon
Thesis Committee:
  • Yariv, Amnon (chair)
  • Nicolet, Marc-Aurele
  • Bridges, William B.
  • McGill, Thomas C.
  • Rutledge, David B.
Defense Date:12 May 1981
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09182006-141505
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3621
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:05 Oct 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 22:21

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