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Magnetic Fields and Supergranule Velocity Fields on the Quiet Sun


Wang, Haimin (1988) Magnetic Fields and Supergranule Velocity Fields on the Quiet Sun. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/1cja-6j65.


I have carried out detailed study on the quiet sun magnetic fields and super-granule velocity fields. This thesis consists of 6 themes. 1. I studied the statistical properties of quiet sun magnetic fields, including size distribution, evolution, flux budget of magnetic flux elements, and the magnetic diffusion constant. From the observations, I derived that the magnetic diffusion constant is ≤150 km²/sec in the quiet region. I found that cancelling features and Ephemeral Regions are major sources of magnetic flux disappearance and replenishment. 2. I studied the supergranule velocity fields. Supergranule vertical velocities have a r.m.s. speed of 0.03 km/s. By observing the evolution of individual supergranule cells, I found that the average lifetime of supergranules is ≥50 hours. 3. I measured the contrast of faculae near the solar limb. The measurements show no obvious contrast increase or decrease near the solar limb. The observation fits neither the "hot wall" nor "hot cloud" fluxtube model. 4. I measured the separation velocities of new bipoles. The observed values are several times smaller than the values estimated by the theory of magnetic buoyancy. 5. I applied the local correlation tracking technique to BBSO Videomagnetogram data and detected an approximate radial intranetwork flow pattern. 6. I studied the relationship between magnetic fields and convection velocity fields. I found that ephemeral regions have a light tendency to emerge at or near the boundaries of supergranules; supergranules have the same scale, correlation lifetime and mean horizontal speed in the enhanced network region as in the mixed polarity quiet sun; the velocity of moving magnetic features that surround sunspots is consistent with the direct Doppler measurement.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Sun, magnetic fields, velocity fields, solar atmosphere
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Astronomy
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Zirin, Harold
Group:Astronomy Department
Thesis Committee:
  • Zirin, Harold (chair)
  • Libbrecht, Kenneth George
  • Goldreich, Peter Martin
  • Phinney, E. Sterl
  • Oke, J. Beverly
Defense Date:25 April 1988
Non-Caltech Author (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09092008-111823
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription adapted for Chapter 2. adapted for Chapter 3. adapted for Chapter 4. adapted for Chapter 5. adapted for Chapter 6. adapted for Chapter 7.
Wang, Haimin0000-0002-5233-565X
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3410
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:16 Sep 2008
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:33

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