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Temperatures and luminosities of M type dwarfs from infrared photometry


Veeder, Glenn J. (1974) Temperatures and luminosities of M type dwarfs from infrared photometry. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/CRWW-Y818.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document.

Broad-band infrared photometry at 1.65, 2.2 and 3.5[...] has yielded the first accurate bolometric magnitudes for a large number of M dwarfs. The intrinsic dispersion in these stars is found to be […] 0.4 magnitudes in M[…] vs. V-K and M[…] vs. R-I magnitude-color diagrams. This dispersion in the lower main sequence may be the result of differential blanketing in the UBVRI filter bands and thus there may be no such thing as a unique main sequence for the intrinsically faint M dwarfs. Scanner observations from 4500[…]to 10000[…] show severe blanketing by TiO in cool M dwarfs, but analysis shows that one parameter is sufficient to describe the blanketing in all of the UBVRI bands for all types of M dwarfs. In general, late M dwarfs seem to have lower effective temperatures than are predicted by theoretical models. Stars with hydrogen lines in emission average 0.2 to 0.3 bolometric magnitudes brighter than M dwarfs without any emission lines. The existence of flare stars with old disk space motions and also the existence of some flare stars below the main sequence complicates the picture of these stars as a pre-main sequence evolutionary stage. M dwarfs that belong to the halo population on the basis of their large space motions tend to be subluminous in M[…] vs. V-K and M[…] vs. R-I magnitude-color diagrams although there is a large scatter among the few objects of this type.

The data for late dwarfs with known masses imply the empirical mass-luminosity relation: […] for stars fainter than M[…] = 7.5. In addition, the late M dwarfs are found to account for all of the "missing mass" in the plane of the galaxy.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Astronomy
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Greenstein, Jesse L.
Group:Astronomy Department
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:21 August 1973
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09052008-144355
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3344
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:12 Sep 2008
Last Modified:20 Dec 2019 19:54

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PDF (Veeder_gj_1974.pdf) - Final Version
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