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Gamma Ray Ionization in Several Gases as a Function of Pressure and Collecting Field


Cox, Everett Franklin (1933) Gamma Ray Ionization in Several Gases as a Function of Pressure and Collecting Field. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/6GXX-G222.


Ionization by low intensity γ radiation in N2, CO2, A, and He has been measured with pressures from 0.98 to 93 atm. of N2, 61 atm. of CO2, 25 atm. of A and 98 atm. of He and with uniform collecting fields of from 1.57 to 1065 volts per cm., direct comparison being made with the results of Bowen for air. The marked increase in current with increased collecting gradient and independence of the shape of the current-field curves on intensity of radiation up to the intensity used demands rejection of the wall emission theory of Broxon and adaption of some recombination theory. Junction of Kaye and Laby's results to those of Bowen show a gradient of 4 x 1033 volts per cm. is saturation value for air at 10 atm. pressure. A field of only 100 volts per cm. is saturation value for argon up to 25 atm., and with this field the current from the inert gases examined is a linear function of the pressure up to 25 atm. Less recombination was observed in N2 than in air, and investigations of the effect of O2 impurity in N2 are now in progress.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bowen, Ira Sprague
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1933
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-08262008-131641
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3232
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:26 Aug 2008
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 23:24

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