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The Effects of Curvature on Turbulent Mixing Layers


Wang, Chiun (1984) The Effects of Curvature on Turbulent Mixing Layers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/BC48-BE98.


Experimental studies have been conducted in a curved mixing layer in which both the velocity ratio and the density ratio were variable. Flow visualization studies and profile measurements covered a wide range of experimental conditions. The structures observed experimentally were examined in the light of three different instability mechanisms which can exist in the same mean flow.

For the case of mixing layers with uniform density, it was found that the normal large spanwise vortex structures can be weakened or inhibited by Taylor-Gortler instability if the inner stream is faster than the outer stream. For the case of mixing layers with different densities, three-dimensionality is greatly enhanced by Rayleigh-Taylor instability if the inner stream is heavier than the outer stream, and especially if the inner stream is also faster. In the former case the growth rate of the mixing layer was found to be insensitive to changes in the velocity ratio.

The effects of curvature on the structure of the curved turbulent mixing layer were explored in terms of length scales and celerity for the large spanwise structures where these structures could be observed. Other things being equal, the celerity of the large structures was found to depend on density ratio and velocity ratio but not on the sense of the mean streamline curvature.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Coles, Donald Earl
Thesis Committee:
  • Coles, Donald Earl
  • Babcock, Charles D.
  • Sturtevant, Bradford
  • Kubota, Toshi
  • Saffman, Philip G.
Defense Date:21 May 1984
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N-00014-76-C-2060
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01222007-142548
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:275
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:01 Feb 2007
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 01:57

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PDF (Wang_c_1984.pdf) - Final Version
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