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The I-band Tully-Fisher relation and large-scale motions in the universe


Han, Mingsheng (1991) The I-band Tully-Fisher relation and large-scale motions in the universe. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/85nr-2g69.


The ultimate goal of this thesis is to better understand the large-scale motions in the universe on scales beyond the Local-Supercluster, and also to better understand the Tully-Fisher relation as a distance indicator. Sixteen clusters of galaxies in redshifts range from 3000-10000 kms(-1) are studied as test points of the large-scale velocity field, using the I-band Tully-Fisher relation as distance indicator. A complete observational procedure and techniques of measuring cluster distance using the Tully-Fisher relation is investigated in detail, which involves many general topics in the photometric studies of galaxies. Major discussions and results in the thesis are summarized as:

1. CCD surface photometry is described in detail. Errors and various effects (extinction, cosmological and seeing) on surface photometry are discussed. I-band surface photometry is carried out for some 280 galaxies in the thesis sample.

2. The problem of internal absorption in spiral galaxies is investigated; new magnitude and isophotal-diameter corrections for internal absorption are derived.

3. Different techniques for deriving cluster distances using Tully-Fisher relation are compared; distance bias due to sample selection effects is discussed at length; a Maximum-Likelihood method is given which is able to handle the sample selection effects.

4. Global photometric properties of the cluster galaxies are examined; the problem of second parameter in the TF relation is investigated; a physical explanation for the TF relation and its dispersion is proposed.

5. The peculiar velocity field as traced by the sample clusters is found to be highly non-random, and appears to be a coherent flow towards the general direction of the Great Attractor, with a flow amplitude of some 400~600 kms(-1) at the position of the Local Group.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Astronomy
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Mould, Jeremy R.
Group:Astronomy Department
Thesis Committee:
  • Mould, Jeremy R. (chair)
  • Goldreich, Peter Martin
  • Blandford, Roger D.
  • Phinney, E. Sterl
Defense Date:1 May 1991
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06222007-113504
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2690
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:18 Jul 2007
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:30

Thesis Files

PDF (Han_m_1991.pdf) - Final Version
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