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The Chemistry of Tris(phosphino)borate Manganese and Iron Platforms


Lu, Connie Chih (2006) The Chemistry of Tris(phosphino)borate Manganese and Iron Platforms. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/0DND-1J03.


The coordination chemistry of monovalent and divalent manganese complexes supported by the anionic tris(phosphino)borate ligand [PhBPiPr3] is presented. The halide complexes, [PhBPiPr3]MnCl and [PhBPiPr3]MnI, have been characterized by XRD, SQUID magnetometry, and EPR spectroscopy. The halide [PhBPiPr3]MnI serves as a precursor to manganese azide, alkyl, and amide species: [PhBPiPr3]Mn(N3), [PhBPiPr3]Mn(CH2Ph), [PhBPiPr3]Mn(Me), [PhBPiPr3]Mn(NH(2,6-iPr2Ph)), [PhBPiPr3]Mn(dbabh), and [PhBPiPr3]Mn(1-Ph(isoindolate)). Collectively, they represent an uncommon motif of low-coordinate polyphosphine-supported manganese species. Some of our synthetic efforts to generate [PhBPiPr3]Mn?Nx species are described, as are theoretical DFT studies that probe the electronic viability of these multiply bonded target structures.

Two tris(phosphino)borate ligands, [PhBPter3] and [PhBPCH2Cy3] are introduced that feature terphenyl and methylcyclohexyl groups on the phosphine arms, respectively. The iron chlorides, [PhBPter3]FeCl and [PhBPCH2Cy3]FeCl, have been prepared as precursors to iron nitrides. Addition of the nitride transfer reagent Li(dbabh) to [PhBPCH2Cy3]FeCl produced the terminal nitride, [PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe(N). The 15N NMR spectrum of the labeled species, [PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe(15N), contains a peak at 929 ppm, consistent with a terminal nitride functionality. Mossbauer spectroscopy of the nitride shows a low isomer shift value of 0.34(1) mm/s and an exceptionally large quadrupole splitting of 6.01(1) mm/s.

Reduction of [PhBPCH2Cy3]FeCl generates a masked iron(I) species that is highly reactive. Combustion analysis of this species is consistent with "[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe." Other physical methods including VT NMR, EPR, and IR spectroscopies suggest the presence of a paramagnetic species in equilibrium with a diamagnetic species. The paramagnetic component is postulated to be an Fe(III) hydride, wherein a ligand C-H bond has been cyclometalated at the metal center. The reactivity of "[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe" is consistent with iron(I). For example, its reaction with PMe3 and 1-adamantylazide affords the phosphine adduct, [PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe(PMe3), and the iron imide, [PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe(NAd), respectively. Interestingly, "[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe" undergoes redox reactions with benzene to give initially a benzene adduct, {[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe}2(mu-eta3:eta3-C6H6), which decomposes to {[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe}2(mu-eta5:eta5-6,6'-bicyclohexadienyl) via radical C-C bond coupling. Finally, "[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe" readily reduces CO2 at rt to give as the major product {[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe}2(mu-CO)(mu-O), wherein a C=O bond has been cleaved. The minor product has not been definitively established, but one possibility is the oxalate-bridged dimer {[PhBPCH2Cy3]Fe}2(mu-eta2:eta2-O2CCO2) that results from reductive coupling of two CO2 molecules.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:coordination chemistry; small molecule activation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Peters, Jonas C.
Thesis Committee:
  • Bercaw, John E. (chair)
  • Stoltz, Brian M.
  • Peters, Jonas C.
  • Goddard, William A., III
Defense Date:26 May 2006
Non-Caltech Author Email:clu (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06012006-151944
Persistent URL:
Lu, Connie Chih0000-0002-5162-9250
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2364
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:02 Jun 2006
Last Modified:15 Apr 2020 22:25

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