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The Diversity of Neutron Stars: Nearby Thermally Emitting Neutron Stars and the Compact Central Objects in Supernova Remnants


Kaplan, David Lior Ariel (2004) The Diversity of Neutron Stars: Nearby Thermally Emitting Neutron Stars and the Compact Central Objects in Supernova Remnants. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/2890-AB41.


Neutron stars are invaluable tools for exploring stellar death, the physics of ultra-dense matter, and the effects of extremely strong magnetic fields. The observed population of neutron stars is dominated by the > 1000 radio pulsars, but there are distinct sub-populations that, while fewer in number, can have significant impact on our understanding of the issues mentioned above. These populations are the nearby, isolated neutron stars discovered by ROSAT, and the central compact objects in supernova remnants. The studies of both of these populations have been greatly accelerated in recent years through observations with the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the XMM-Newton telescope. First, we discuss radio, optical, and X-ray observations of the nearby neutron stars aimed at determining their relation to the Galactic neutron star population and at unraveling their complex physical processes by determining the basic astronomical parameters that define the population--distances, ages, and magnetic fields--the uncertainties in which limit any attempt to derive basic physical parameters for these objects. We conclude that these sources are 1e6 year-old cooling neutron stars with magnetic fields above 10e13 Gauss. Second, we describe the hollow supernova remnant problem: why many of the supernova remnants in the Galaxy have no indication central neutron stars. We have undertaken an X-ray census of neutron stars in a volume-limited sample of Galactic supernova remnants, and from it conclude that either many supernovae do not produce neutron stars contrary to expectation, or that neutron stars can have a wide range in cooling behavior that makes many sources disappear from the X-ray sky.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:compact objects; neutron stars; supernova remnants; X-rays
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Astrophysics
Awards:Milton and Francis Clauser Doctoral Prize, 2004
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.
Group:Astronomy Department
Thesis Committee:
  • Sargent, Wallace L. W. (chair)
  • Harrison, Fiona A.
  • Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.
  • Phinney, E. Sterl
Defense Date:24 May 2004
Non-Caltech Author Email:kaplan (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05272004-150045
Persistent URL:
Kaplan, David Lior Ariel0000-0001-6295-2881
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2135
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:28 May 2004
Last Modified:20 Jan 2021 23:23

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