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# Analysis, synthesis, and implementation of networks of multiple-input translinear elements

## Citation

Minch, Bradley Arthur (1997) Analysis, synthesis, and implementation of networks of multiple-input translinear elements. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/rh58-rz05. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01162008-075623

## Abstract

At the time of its invention in the seventeenth century, the logarithmic slide rule literally revolutionized the way calculation was done. From then until the advent of the pocket calculator, this analog computational device was widely used to perform multiplications and divisions, to raise numbers to fixed powers and extract fixed roots of numbers. Today, the slide rule may be gone, but it is not forgotten. In this thesis, I present a class of simple translinear network circuits which essentially function as electronic slide rules, accurately computing products, quotients, powers, and roots. I describe two different analysis procedures that allow us to determine the steady-state relationship between input and output currents. I also describe systematic techniques for synthesizing such circuits whereby we can produce a circuit whose steady-state transfer characteristics embody some desired product-of-power-law relationship between input and output currents. These circuits are made from multiple-input translinear elements; such elements produce output currents that are proportional to the exponential of a weighted sum of their input voltages. We can implement the weighted voltage summations with either resistive or capacitive voltage dividers. We can obtain the required exponential voltage-to-current transformations from either bipolar transistors or subthreshold MOS transistors. The subthreshold floating-gate MOS transistor naturally implements the exponential-of-a-weighted-sum operation in a single device. I will present experimental results from several of these translinear network circuits breadboarded from subthreshold floating-gate MOS transistors. I will also describe and present experimental data from a variety of other implementations of the multiple-input translinear element.

Item Type: Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) California Institute of Technology Engineering and Applied Science Computation and Neural Systems Public (worldwide access) Mead, Carver Mead, Carver (chair)Barr, Alan H.Bruck, JehoshuaMiddlebrook, Robert DavidAbu-Mostafa, Yaser S. 20 May 1997 CaltechETD:etd-01162008-075623 https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01162008-075623 10.7907/rh58-rz05 No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 199 CaltechTHESIS Imported from ETD-db 13 Feb 2008 16 Apr 2021 22:28

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