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Observations on Cavitation Bubble Collapse


Ellis, Albert Tromly (1953) Observations on Cavitation Bubble Collapse. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/EWJ4-R705.


Experimental observations are made on collapsing cavitation bubbles. Bubbles generated by two different methods are studied. The first method consists of bubble generation and collapse by flow over a submerged body. This work is done in the High-Speed Water Tunnel of the Hydrodynamics Laboratory. Existing photographic equipment and experimental techniques are employed. The second method consists of bubble generation and collapse by variation of the hydrostatic pressure. Much improved time and space resolution of the collapse is obtained in the latter case by design and construction of a high-speed photographic system. Bubble collapse pictures are taken at 105 frames per sec and an effective exposure time of 5 x 10-8 sec. A magnification of eight diameters from object to image is attained. This equipment reveals new details of cavitation bubble collapse.

Numerical solutions of the spherical bubble collapse equations are compared with experimental results. A consistently longer collapse time is observed in all cases. Observed bubble asymmetries are shown to be caused by pressure gradients. A large degree of coupling is shown to exist between the radial motion and the translational motion of the bubble centroid. Bubble collapse is observed to be much less stable than bubble growth.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Mechanical Engineering and Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Minor Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Plesset, Milton S.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1953
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05142003-140023
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1790
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:14 May 2003
Last Modified:18 May 2023 23:11

Thesis Files

PDF (Ellis_at_1953.pdf) - Final Version
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