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A Micromechanics-Inspired Three-Dimensional Constitutive Model for the Thermomechanical Response of Shape-Memory Alloys


Sadjadpour, Amir (2006) A Micromechanics-Inspired Three-Dimensional Constitutive Model for the Thermomechanical Response of Shape-Memory Alloys. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/MB1W-1V17.


The goal of this thesis is to develop a full dimensional micromechanics-inspired constitutive model for polycrystalline shape-memory alloys. The model is presented in two forms: (1) The one-dimensional framework where we picture the ability of the model in capturing main properties of shape memory alloys such as superelasticity and shape-memory effect; (2) The full dimensional model where micromechanics origins of the model, the concepts emerged from those analysis and their relation to macroscopic properties in both single and polycrystals are presented.

We use this framework to study the effects of the texture and anisotropy in the material behavior. Since phase transformation often competes with plasticity in shape-memory alloys, we incorporate that phenomenon into our model. We also demonstrate the ability of the model to predict the response of the material and track the phase transformation process for multi-axial, proportional and non-proportional loading and unloading experiments. We consider both stress-controlled and strain-controlled experiments and develop the model for isothermal, adiabatic and non-adiabatic thermal conditions. Adiabatic heating and loading rate both lead to the apparent hardening at high rates. We also visit this problem and examine the relative role of these two factors.

Finally we extend our model to study the reversible "bcc" to "hcp" martensitic phase transformation in pure iron. We consider a wide range of loading rates ranging from quasistatic to high rate dynamic loading and use our model to describe the evolution of the microstructure along with the effects of the rate hardening and thermal softening.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Constitutive Modeling; Martensitic Phase Transformation; NiTi; Pure Iron; Shape Memory Alloys; SMA
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Mechanics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
Thesis Committee:
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
  • Knowles, James K.
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
  • Lapusta, Nadia
Defense Date:30 May 2006
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05112006-162948
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1725
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:12 Jul 2006
Last Modified:20 Apr 2020 22:12

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PDF (Thesis_AmirSadjadpour.pdf) - Final Version
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