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A Measurement of the Temperature and Polarization Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation


Jones, William Claude (2005) A Measurement of the Temperature and Polarization Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/88BF-1W23.


We describe the design and performance of the Boomerang experiment, and report on measurements of the temperature and polarization anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) obtained during the January 2003 flight of Boomerang (B2K). To enable these studies, we have developed a bolometric detector which is intrinsically sensitive to linear polarization. The receiver consists of a pair of co-located silicon nitride micromesh absorbers which couple anisotropically to linearly polarized radiation through a corrugated waveguide structure. This system allows simultaneous background limited measurements of the Stokes I and Q parameters over ~30% bandwidths at frequencies from ~60 to 400 GHz.

The science results reported here are derived from 195 hours of observation with four 145 GHz Polarization Sensitive Bolometer (PSB) pairs. The data include 75 hours of observations distributed over 1.8% of the sky with an additional 120 hours concentrated on the central portion of the field, itself representing 0.22% of the full sky. The B2K data improve significantly on existing measurements of the CMB temperature power spectrum at angular scales of 500 < l < 1100. In addition we have measured a spectrum of curl-free polarization anisotropies which, in the context of the most simple adiabatic inflationary models, are consistent with the predictions of the currently favored LCDM cosmology

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:bolometers; CMB; Cosmology; optics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Awards:Milton and Francis Clauser Doctoral Prize, 2005.
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lange, Andrew E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Lange, Andrew E. (chair)
  • Kamionkowski, Marc P.
  • Golwala, Sunil
  • Readhead, Anthony C. S.
Defense Date:29 April 2005
Non-Caltech Author Email:wcjones (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05102005-102535
Persistent URL:
Jones, William Claude0000-0002-3636-1241
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1716
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:12 May 2005
Last Modified:05 Nov 2021 22:57

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