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Adsorption of sulphur dioxide and reduction of sulphate on alumina and alkali-alumina at high temperatures


Edelstein, Sergio (1987) Adsorption of sulphur dioxide and reduction of sulphate on alumina and alkali-alumina at high temperatures. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology.


Several interrelated problems in connection with the treatment of sulfur dioxide at temperatures between 700 and 800°C were studied. The interaction of SO2 with Al2O3 was studied experimentally using B.E.T., thermogravimetry and temperature-programmed desorption. Adsorption takes place through a wide range of binding energies, with some SO2 adsorbing irreversibly at temperatures below 800°C. The amount adsorbed depends on the surface history and thermal treatment. An adsorption isotherm based on a bimodal energy distribution provides an adequate description of the equilibrium process.

The chemical composition, sulfation and regeneration of an alkali-alumina sorbent for sulfur dioxide were studied using thermogravimetry, gas chromatography, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The active sorbent consists of a thin layer of sodium and lithium aluminates supported on alumina. The rate of sulfation is proportional to the SO2 concentration in the gas, up to [SO2] [approx.] 5000 ppm. The activation energy of the sulfation is E = 21.6 kcal/mole. The sulfated sorbent was regenerated by reduction with CO at 700-800°C. Sulfur removal from the sorbent and distribution of gaseous products were measured at different alkali loadings, temperatures and CO concentrations. The reduction takes place in two consecutive stages through a complex reaction network in which the alumina support plays a decisive role, both as a reactant and as a catalyst. A simplified reaction network is used as a basis for a kinetic model that provides an adequate description of the reduction process at moderate sorbent loadings.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Gavalas, George R.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:3 November 1986
Non-Caltech Author Email:sergio (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05052006-082025
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1626
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:15 May 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:40

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PDF (Edelstein_s_1987.pdf) - Final Version
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