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Direct Measurement of Laminar Skin Friction at Hypersonic Speeds


Eimer, Manfred (1953) Direct Measurement of Laminar Skin Friction at Hypersonic Speeds. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/MK2E-1P76.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. A direct measurement of flat plate laminar local skin friction was undertaken at M = 5.8 in the GALCIT Hypersonic Wind Tunnel, Leg No. 1. A new balance particularly suited to the requirements of hypersonic experimentation was designed. By means of the fluorescent lacquer technique for indicating boundary layer transition, unexpectedly high natural transition Reynolds numbers were observed. The several methods of forcing transition which were used were unsuccessful in producing transition at a Reynolds number of two million. Observation of the leading edge shock wave and boundary layer by means of a schlieren system indicated that at M = 5.8 the shock wave and boundary layer are separated by appreciable distances wherever the boundary layer equations hold. Skin friction force measurements were made at five Reynolds numbers in condensation-free flow. The discrepancies between the observed low values of C[subscript f][...]Re and existing laminar boundary layer calculations are reconciled by means of a qualitative analysis. A theory describing the properties of the viscous boundary layer for flows with condensation in the free stream is presented. It is predicted that for a specified nozzle geometry and stagnation temperature, skin friction remains unchanged in the presence of moderate amounts of condensation, while heat transfer for a given wall temperature is affected by the presence of condensation which produces major changes in the adiabatic wall temperature.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautics and Mathematics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Minor Option:Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Nagamatsu, Henry T.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1953
Additional Information:Title varies in 1953 Caltech Commencement program: I. Bodies in a Flow Field with Parabolic Velocity Distribution. ll. Skin Friction at Hypersonic Speeds
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04292003-112020
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1539
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 Apr 2003
Last Modified:18 May 2023 23:02

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PDF (Eimer_m_1953.pdf) - Final Version
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