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Nanophotonic Application to Biomedical Devices


Hanania, Haeri Park (2022) Nanophotonic Application to Biomedical Devices. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/tzpw-pt75.


Nanophotonics is the study of interactions between nanoscale structures and light. It has greatly expanded the fields of application over the past decades, taking advantage of the advancement in MEMS technology. The most common nanophotonic structures consist of either dielectrics, metals, or both. When a nanophotonic structure contains metals, it is considered as a plasmonic structure. Plasmonics is a field of light-metal interactions. Due to the negative permittivity of metals, the electromagnetic energy of light is focused at the metal-dielectric interface and creates plasmons-a collective motion of electrons in the conduction band of metals. By shaping metals into different structures to achieve a desired performance, plasmonics have been successfully applied to many fields including photovoltaics, spectroscopy, and biomedical devices.

This thesis provides 3 different applications of biomedical devices in which nanophotonics-articularly plasmonics-was applied. Chapter 1 discusses the application of nanophotonics to molecular sensing. In this chapter, an open-top, tapered waveguide that serves as a 3-dimensional plasmon cavity is demonstrated and achieves a near or single molecular detection. Chapter 2 discusses the application of nanophotonics to an implantable intraocular pressure sensor. In this chapter, an array of gold nanodots are introduced on a flexible membrane to optimize the performance of the sensor. Chapter 3 discusses the application of nanophotonics to angle-and-polarization independent pressure or strain sensing, which reduces the need for precise alignment or a trained technician, and therefore can be easily applied to moving subjects in diverse environments. Inspired by the geometry and optical principles of butterfly corneas, an array of gold paraboloids is designed to support a surface plasmon resonance that is angle-and-polarization independent. This array is integrated onto a hermetically sealed cavity with a flexible membrane and enables angle-and-polarization independent pressure/strain sensing.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Nanophotonics, Medical devices
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Medical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Gharib, Morteza
Thesis Committee:
  • Gao, Wei (chair)
  • Scherer, Axel
  • Burdick, Joel Wakeman
  • Vaidyanathan, P. P.
  • Choo, Hyuck
  • Gharib, Morteza
Defense Date:7 February 2022
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:02182022-230421298
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription adapted for Chapter 1 adapted for Chapter 2 adapted for Chapter 2
Hanania, Haeri Park0000-0002-2206-5732
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:14506
Deposited By: Haeri Park Hanania
Deposited On:22 Feb 2022 19:02
Last Modified:08 Nov 2023 18:34

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