A Caltech Library Service

Cavitation and wake structure of unsteady tip vortex flows


Hart, Douglas P. (1993) Cavitation and wake structure of unsteady tip vortex flows. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/ANNN-VC25.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. Unsteady flows are prevalent in virtually every fluid application yet, because of their intrinsic complexity, few attempts have been made to measure them or explain their behavior. This thesis presents an experimental study of one of the simplest unsteady flow induced effects, the periodic change in angle of attack of a lifting surface. Of particular interest is the influence this effect has on the tip vortex structure of a finite aspect ratio hydrofoil and the part it plays in the inception of cavitation. An aspect ratio 2.3 hydrofoil was reflection-plane mounted to the test section floor of the Caltech Low Turbulence Water Tunnel and harmonically oscillated in pitch near its center of pressure. Observations of the growth and collapse of surface and tip vortex cavitation were made along with detailed observations of the interaction of the tip vortex formation with the spanwise wake structure. Measurements of the cavitation inception number for surface cavitation and tip vortex cavitation were made relative to the phase of the hydrofoil and the reduced frequency, k=[low-case omega]c/2U[...], of oscillation. Studies of the oscillation-induced spanwise trailing vortex structures and the Karman vortex street generated by the boundary layer were made of a two-dimensional hydrofoil. Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) measurements were taken of the tip vortex velocity profile and the flow at the trailing edge of both the two-and the three-dimensional hydrofoils at reduced frequencies ranging from 0.5 to 2.0. Dynamic changes in bound circulaion and shed vorticity in the streamwise and spanwise directions relative to the freestream were calculated from these measurements at three locations along the span of the foil. The results of these measurements are compared to theoretical flow calculations and related to measurements of the cavitation inception number in the tip vortex region of the three-dimensional foil

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Acosta, Allan J. (co-advisor)
  • Brennen, Christopher E. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Acosta, Allan J. (chair)
  • Leonard, Anthony
  • Brennen, Christopher E.
  • Raichlen, Fredric
  • Burdick, Joel Wakeman
Defense Date:10 November 1992
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-03272007-131947
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1175
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:27 Mar 2007
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 04:49

Thesis Files

PDF (Hart_dp_1993.pdf) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.


Repository Staff Only: item control page