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Controlling the Buckling Behavior of Bilayered Systems


Mazur, Paul Antoine Benoit (2019) Controlling the Buckling Behavior of Bilayered Systems. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/C70B-K221.


A bilayered system is an assembly of two different materials and has the form of flat and thin layers. The two materials are attached to each other at the surface. The attachment method varies depending on the materials properties. Bilayered systems made of materials with different dimensions and stiffness have been widely studied and used for different applications. The characteristic scale of this kind of system can go from hundreds of km in the case of geological layers on the Earth surface to some µm in the case of very small electronic systems or microlenses.

The behavior of a bilayered system, when submitted to a stimulus, is characterized by the conflict between the preferred response of each material and the constraint that one imposes on the other. As a result, the deformation of the bilayered system will be different from that which could be obtained when the materials are taken separately. Of particular interest is the buckling of such systems: when submitted to a particular stress distribution, one material will expand significantly more than the other, but as the two materials are attached at the interface surface, the material displacements must be continuous through this interface. The conflict between the continuity of displacement and the need to expand differently may result in nonlinear patterns at this interface. Those unstable situations can be used to define a limit of constraint for the materials or can be used as actuators for a desired surface pattern. Many studies have focused on characterizing homogeneous buckling within an entire surface due to homogeneous strain distribution within the top surface. This characterization was performed theoretically, numerically, and experimentally. But, some studies have shown different possibilities of evolution of the buckling patterns known today. As a consequence, we can pose two questions: 1) Is there a possibility to modify non-linear patterns regardless of what is imposed by mechanical properties and dimensions? 2) What happens in the case of a non-uniform state of constraints within the bilayered system?

This thesis explores those questions for the case of a thin stiff film attached to a compliant thick substrate. The first part of this thesis serves to describe the initial buckling theory in the case of uniform strain and explains how to define the loading threshold resulting in uniform buckling at the surface characterized by a finite number of spatial frequencies. The second part of the thesis studies the consequences of a non-uniform loading within the surface. A numerical method based on the theory of the first part is implemented to show the emergence of new frequencies due to the discontinuous loading distribution. The third part focuses on the possibility of tuning a uniform buckling by including an electromechanical coupling into the bilayered system. This coupling makes the materials sensitive to electric fields, thus creating a new energy term to interfere with the mechanical energy of deformation, thereby modifying the resulting spatial frequency of the buckling. This study is done theoretically and numerically by finite element modeling.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Bilayered systems, wrinkling, finite element modeling, electromechanical coupling, Augmented Lagrangian method
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
Thesis Committee:
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (chair)
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
  • Daraio, Chiara
  • Audoly, Basile
Defense Date:10 August 2018
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:09272018-211547049
Persistent URL:
Mazur, Paul Antoine Benoit0000-0002-2837-9716
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11207
Deposited By: Paul Mazur
Deposited On:28 Sep 2018 23:10
Last Modified:04 Oct 2019 00:23

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