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Conformational Study of Some Fluorine-Labeled Cyclic Compounds by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. I. 1,1-Difluorocyclodecane and 3,3-Difluoro-trans-Cyclodecene. II. γ,γ-Difluoro-ε-Caprolactone and γ,γ-Difluoro-ε-Caprolactam.

Citation

Noe, Eric Arden (1971) Conformational Study of Some Fluorine-Labeled Cyclic Compounds by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. I. 1,1-Difluorocyclodecane and 3,3-Difluoro-trans-Cyclodecene. II. γ,γ-Difluoro-ε-Caprolactone and γ,γ-Difluoro-ε-Caprolactam. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06082018-113949436

Abstract

Low-temperature fluorine magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to investigate the conformational equilibration of four cyclic gem-fluorides. Ring inversion in 1,1-difluorocyclodecane was stopped on the nmr time scale by -164°, and an activation energy of 7.0 kcal/mole was determined for this process. The spectra were interpreted in terms of the boat-chair-boat conformation. Changes in the spectra of 3,3-difluoro-trans-cyclodecene occurred continuously over a wide range of temperature, from above ambient temperature to about -140°. The free energy of activation for the first process, which is nearly stopped on the nmr time scale by -30°, was 12.4 kcal/mole at 2.8°. Activation parameters were not calculated for the changes which took place at lower temperatures. At -148°, two conformations were present in a ratio of 85:15, and other conformations may be present in smaller amounts.

The activation energy for inversion of γ,γ-difluoro-ε-caprolactone was 12.4 kcal/mole, and the free energy of activation for this process was 10.0 kcal/mole at -53°. The spectra indicate that the compound exists in the chair conformation, and the activation parameters provide information about the barrier to cis-trans isomerization of esters. The free energy of activation for γ,γ difluoro-ε-caprolactam was 10.4 kcal/mole at -53°. The lactam also prefers the chair conformation.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Roberts, John D.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:16 June 1970
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
National Defense Education ActUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Shell Companies FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:06082018-113949436
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06082018-113949436
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11050
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Lisa Fischelis
Deposited On:22 Jun 2018 18:33
Last Modified:22 Jun 2018 18:33

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