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Understanding the Origin of Glass Forming Ability in Metallic Glasses


Hoff, Andrew Taylor (2018) Understanding the Origin of Glass Forming Ability in Metallic Glasses. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z7Y5-0B62.


The glass forming ability of metallic glasses has been one of their most studied yet least understood properties. Crystal nucleation in a recently development Ni-based metallic glass was studied by undercooling in a DSC under a variety of conditions and showed stochastic very deep undercooling behavior. The glass forming ability of a family of Ni-based alloys was analyzed and was found to depend only on two experimentally accessible factors, the reduced glass transition temperature and the liquid fragility. Neutron scattering experiments showed that in two model glass formers vibrational entropy had essentially no change through the glass transition, demonstrating that the change in entropy through the glass transition is due almost entirely to configurational entropy. The configurational enthalpy of a pair of recently developed Pt-based metallic glasses show almost no change in the undercooled liquid between the liquidus and TTT-nose, demonstrating the inability of current models to explain the thermodynamics of supercooled liquids.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Glass forming ability; metallic glass; liquid thermodynamics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Materials Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Johnson, William Lewis
Thesis Committee:
  • Fultz, Brent T. (chair)
  • Faber, Katherine T.
  • Greer, Julia R.
  • Johnson, William Lewis
Defense Date:25 May 2018
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:06082018-081351539
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription 1407780111DOIArticle incorporated in part in ch. 2 incorporated in ch. 3
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11046
Deposited By: Andrew Hoff
Deposited On:09 Jun 2018 00:41
Last Modified:04 Oct 2019 00:22

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